What is Zika Virus?


zika-virusZika virus is a disease caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes.

Zika virus is transmitted by daytime-active mosquitoes.

The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.

The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.

Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people. The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.

People with Zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, skin rash (exanthema) and conjunctivitis. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days. There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.

Treatment

> No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections.

> Get plenty of rest

> Drink fluids to prevent dehydration

>Take medicine such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain

> Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen.

> If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.

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